FOUR MARKS OF THE CHURCH? It’s common to quote th…

FOUR MARKS OF THE CHURCH?

It’s common to quote the Creed and say there are four “marks” of the Church: one, holy, catholic, and apostolic. The Orthodox Church IS one and holy, but I’m not sure that’s what the Creed wants to address.

Ancient Greek didn’t use commas, just “ands.” And there’s only one “and” in that phrase, the one between catholic and apostolic. Therefore, what the Creed says is, “I believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.” IOW, the Church is catholic and apostolic; they’re the key adjectives. One is just a number, and holy describes the Catholic-and-Apostolic Church.

For an example of this kind of talk, see the heading of the website of (non-Orthodox) “the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East” (no commas). There’s a long name! My point is, a Western skeptic might call it ‘pious language.’ Another example is when some make reference to “the Holy Roman Church,” or even “Holy Mother the Church.” (Can you tell I used to be Catholic?!) The Creed could just as easily have said, “I believe in the catholic, apostolic Church.” But the Holy Council Fathers (another ‘pious’ phrase) weren’t concise Westerns, they were, well, holy, so they talked this way, but it had real meaning to them and their listeners. So they say the Church is “holy,” and they refer to the “one…Church” for emphasis, to distinguish it from breakaway sects and cults.

I’m not doing a good job of this, but I hope something of my meaning is getting through!

I’M NOBODY’S FUNDAMENTALIST… …but if you thin…

I’M NOBODY’S FUNDAMENTALIST…

…but if you think about it critically, it’s pretty arrogant to base our scientific picture of the last millions or billions of years on what we could observe in just the last couple centuries, isn’t it? Don’t we need to be humbler??

PEAK-OIL UPDATE When you gather ’round the turkey…

PEAK-OIL UPDATE

When you gather ’round the turkey, be sure and thank God for the great run we’ve had.

(Once again, this is CBC, still locking out their employees.)

STOLEN-ELECTION UPDATE Diebold insider cracks, ex…

STOLEN-ELECTION UPDATE

Diebold insider cracks, exposes vote-manipulation “flaw.”

BUSH INVESTIGATING HIMSELF? No comment needed! (…

BUSH INVESTIGATING HIMSELF?

No comment needed!

(Warning: link is to a media organization that has locked out union employees. I’m addicted, but you need not be.)

CLUELESS BUSHES: THE PREVIOUS GENERATION Barbara …

CLUELESS BUSHES: THE PREVIOUS GENERATION

Barbara says living in the Reliant Center is a step up for New Orleanians “who were underpriveleged anyway.”

Unbelievable. So this is their “American Dream” for the poor.

REMEMBER BUMPERS? They were metal things they use…

REMEMBER BUMPERS?

They were metal things they used to put on cars to absorb some of the impact of a collision without having to invest in full-blown body repairs.

(I’m surprised insurance companies let them eliminate them!!!)

BRING BACK BUMPERS!